By Roberto Finelli, Peter D Thomas
In accordance with a longtime interpretation, the transition from Hegel’s materialism to Marx’s materialism indicates a revolutionary improvement from an abstract-idealist idea of changing into, to a idea of the concrete activities of humans inside of heritage. A Failed Parricide through Roberto Finelli bargains an leading edge analyzing of the Marx-Hegel dating, arguing that the younger Marx remained structurally subaltern to Hegel’s particular notion of the topic that turns into itself relating to alterity. Marx’s early critique of Hegel is represented as a ‘failed parricide’, depending upon an organicist and spiritualist anthropology derived from Feuerbach’s presumed materialism. merely in Marx’s mature critique of political economic system will he have the capacity to go back to this ‘primal scene’ and convey a particular thought of the position of formal determinations in social and political modernity.
First released in Italian through Bollati Borighieri Editore as Un parricidio mancato. Il rapporto tra Hegel e il giovane Marx, Turin, 2004. Translated by means of Peter D. Thomas and Nicola Iannelli Popham.
Roberto Finelli is Professor of the background of Philosophy at Roma Tre. He has released quite a few stories devoted to Hegel, Marx, Freud and sleek and modern philosophy. he's the editor of the net magazine Consecutio temporum. Hegeliana. Marxiana. Freudiana (www.consecutio.org). He lately released the realization to his reviews at the disagreement among Marx and Hegel: Un parricidio compiuto. Il confronto finale di Marx con Hegel (Jaca publication, 2014).
All attracted to the background of Marxist thought, smooth German philosophy and modern social and political philosophy.
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Extra resources for A Failed Parricide: Hegel and the Young Marx
The father of von Westphalen had been the head of the armed forces during the Seven Years War, while his mother, the Scottish Anne Wishart, descended from the counts of Argyll, a family with a considerable role in Scottish history. 20 chapter 1 However, let us return to the young Marx’s doctoral dissertation and ask ourselves what the deepest motivations are in its composition, over and above the conclusion of a young philosopher’s university studies and plans for future employment. 4 Democritus and Epicurus: The Empiricism of the Sciences and the Idealism of Philosophy Why did the young Marx write a dissertation on ancient philosophy, choosing the subject of the comparison between the atomism of the fifth century bce Democritus and that of the fourth century bce Epicurus?
On the presence of Hegel’s lectures in Marx’s doctoral dissertation, see the careful analysis in Cingoli 2001. 26 chapter 1 Other reflections are thus added, in particular, on the human subjectivitynature connection that will be of fundamental importance for the understanding of Marx’s other youthful writings and their presumed materialism. Singularity, or ‘self-consciousness’, as Marx also calls it,31 can universalise itself only through abstraction, through separating itself from every otherness that can influence and determine it.
These reveal two other theses that, intrinsically linked to the first, study in depth and expand the problematic to the point of encountering the heart of the cultural and political debate of modernity. These theses claim that: 1) Epicurus’s philosophy, with its exaltation of the sophós [the sage or wise man] and his ataraxy, is not a partial and separate episode in the history of ancient thought but, rather, represents the epilogue, the consistent synthesis of the constituting principle of all Greek philosophy: the extraneousness, when not the opposition, of the moment of conscious reflection with respect to the unopposed value of objective and collective reality; 2) This extraneousness of objectivity from the subjective finds its resolution only in the development of modern thought whose highest outcome in Hegel’s idealism assigns to philosophy the function of overcoming every opposition of subjectivity and consciousness, on the one hand, and of objectivity and the world, on the other.
A Failed Parricide: Hegel and the Young Marx by Roberto Finelli, Peter D Thomas