By Robert L. Arrington
A spouse to the Philosophers surveys the most important philosophical thinkers in Western and non-Western traditions. Multicultural in its strategy, it presents authoritative assurance of the most important chinese language, Indian, eastern, African, Jewish, and Islamic philosophers, in addition to eu and American thinkers.
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Extra info for A Companion to the Philosophers
Despite the oppressive rule of the colonizer, they remained doggedly committed to the capacity of the colonized not only to be human but also to help the erstwhile colonizers to recover their own humanity. The capacity for agency, the essential precondition for making history, is definitive of humanity. Once the colonizer is physically removed from the soil of the colonized, the newly liberated people must set about creating a new culture and a new way of being human, shorn of the violence, oppression and exploitation that had hitherto dominated their experience.
These include the following: the nature of violence; the connection between violence and national liberation; the justification of violence in ethics, social and political philosophy, and the like. To understand Fanon's view of violence we must turn again to his philosophical analysis of colonialism. We saw above that in the colonial situation, the humanity of the colonized is challenged and denied. Humanity is subverted in two ways. The colonizer lives an unreal existence that seems real only to the extent that she defines herself in contradistinction to the colonized.
To reply in the affirmative would be to place outside history the whole period of life of human groups from the discovery of hunting, and later of nomadic and sedentary agriculture, to cattle raising and to the private appropriation of land. , p. 124). And it was obvious to him that it would not do simply to stretch the meaning of "class'' to cover those instances. He contended that, rather than exclude a priori so many areas of the world from history, we should study each area and see whether or not there are more illuminating ways of periodizing its history, including, in appropriate cases, the < previous page page_8 next page > < previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 peculiar social structures of class and other categories.
A Companion to the Philosophers by Robert L. Arrington